Author: Vera Marovska 
Paisii Hilendarski University of Plovdiv 
Published in: Slavyanski dialozi, XI, 2014, 15

Abstract: The article is devoted to the relation between Analytic Philosophy and some traditional linguistic problems, such as sense and meaning, linguistic functions and their expression, the concepts of reference and referring in Linguistics and Philosophy; the principle of metaphoricity.

Reference is a result of the use of specific language expressions, including grammatical ones – the definite article and verb morphemes denoting relativity. The article also comments upon the semiotic character of these specific language expressions, as well as on their classification using R. Jakobson’s term shifters.

Key words: Analytic Philosophy, Philosophical and Linguistic Pragmatics, Referential Theories; predication, shifters